Generation of Electrical Energy Syllabus Diploma in Electrical Engineering, Regulation 2010, Short Suggestion, Exam Dates, Exam Routine, Question Out, Book list with code

To provide the student with an opportunity to acquire knowledge, skill and attitude in the area of generation of electrical energy with special emphasis on ;

  • Main features of power generation.
  • Power plant economics.
  • Authorities responsible for generation of electrical energy in Bangladesh.
  • Non-conventional renewable energy sources.

 

SHORT DESCRIPTION

 

Sources of energy; Power plants: Types & working principle; Selection of power plants & site; Power plant economics; Authority for generating power and Renewable energy sources.

 

DETAIL DESCRIPTION

 

Theory:

 

SOURCES OF ENERGY

  • Understand types of energy.
    • List at least ten common sources of energy.
    • Describe the different types of energy.
    • Mention the conventional sources of energy available in Bangladesh with their locations.

POWER PLANTS: TYPES & WORKING PRINCIPLE

  • Understand the types and characteristics of power plants.
    • Describe basic operation of a power plant.
    • Describe the importance of power plants.
    • Describe the uses of power plants.
    • Name the different types of power plants.
    • Mention the names of power plants of Bangladesh with their location and rating.
  • Understand the principle of operation of a steam power plant.
    • Define Boiler.
    • Explain the different type of Boiler.
    • Describe the Construction and working principle of water tube boiler.
    • Describe the Construction and working principle of fire tube boiler.
    • Explain the working principle of a steam power plant.
    • Explain the different types of vapor cycle with P-V diagram.
    • Explain the different types of steam generator.
    • Explain the working principle of steam generator.
    • Explain working principle of boiler auxiliaries and accessories.
    • Describe the feed water treatment process.
    • Describe the working principle of different types of steam turbine including starting and shutdown procedure.
    • Sketch a schematic diagram of a steam power plant and label its different sections.
  • Understand the principle of operation of a diesel power plant.
    • Explain the working principle of a diesel power plant.
    • Identify the areas of application of diesel power plant.
    • Describe the constructional features of a modern diesel engine used for a diesel generating station.
    • Explain starting and stopping procedure of a diesel generator.
    • Describe the fuel storage and handling method for large diesel power plant.
  • Understand the principle of operation of gas turbine power plant.
    • Explain working principle of simple open and closed cycle gas turbine with P-V diagram.
    • Identify the applications of a gas turbine power plant in Bangladesh.
    • List the advantages and disadvantages of a gas turbine power plant.
  • Understand the operation of a hydro-electric power plant.
    • Explain the working principle of a hydro-electric power plant.
    • Describe different types of hydro-electric power plants with sketches.
    • Define catchment area.
    • Describe different sections of a hydro-electric power plant with schematic diagram.
    • Explain different types of water turbine generally used in hydro-electric plant.
    • Explain the governing principle of a water turbine with a schematic diagram.
    • Solve problems related to hydro-electric power plant.
  • Understand the principle of operation of a nuclear power plant.
    • Explain the elements of a nuclear power station with schematic diagram.
    • Explain the chain reaction.
    • List the name of four types of reactor used in a nuclear power station.
    • Explain the constructional features of each type of reactor.
    • Explain the working principle of each type of reactor.
    • Identify the advantages & disadvantages of neuclear power plant.
    • List large neuclear power plants in the world.

SELECTION OF POWER PLANT & ITS SITE

  • Understand the process of selection of a power plant and its site.
    • List the different factors to be considered for selecting a steam, diesel, hydro-electric, gas and nuclear power plant.
    • List the factors to be considered for selecting the site for a steam, diesel, hydro-electric, gas and nuclear power plant.
    • Sketch the different power plants of Bangladesh with their types, capacities and location in a map.

POWER PLANT ECONOMICS

  • Understand the concept of power plant economics.
    • Describe plant depreciation.
    • List the factors influencing the rate or tariff designing of electrical energy.
    • Describe the operating costs of a hydro-electric, steam and nuclear power plant.
    • Outline the effects of variable loads on power generation economy.
    • Describe the advantages of interconnection of different power plants.
    • Discuss the following terms –

Ideal and actual load curve, annual load curve, peak load, load factor, maximum demand, demand factor, capacity factor, use factor and diversity factor.

  • Explain load despatch, centre-capacity and load scheduling.
  • Describe peak-hour.
  • Explain load management.
  • Solve problems related to power plant economics.

AUTHORITY FOR GENERATING ELECTRICAL POWER

  • Recognize authority for generating bulk and consumer supply of electrical power.
    • Identify the authorities for power supply in Bangladesh.
    • Explain grid system.
    • List the functions of public & private sector in the field of power generation in Bangladesh.
    • Draw the organogram of Rural Electrificatoin Board with its consumers.
    • Describe the operation of Dhaka Electric Supply Authority (DESA).
    • Identify the jurisdiction of Dhaka Electric Supply Company (DESCO).
    • Identify the function and jurisdiction of Power Grid Company of Bangladesh (PGCB).
    • Describe the existing private sector power station in Bangladesh and their future growth.

RANEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

  • Understand the concept of non conventional renewable energy sources.
    • List global energy scenario and energy scenario of Bangladesh.
    • List non conventional renewable energy sources.
    • Discuss potential renewable energy sources of Bangladesh.
    • Describe measurement of solar radiation and solar radiation at earth surface.
    • List the uses of solar radiation (eg. solar P-V submersible water pumping, solar cooker, solar P-V home lighting for rural application, solar P-V charging station, solar P-V powered Refrigerator, solar dryer and commercially used generation of electrical energy).
  • Understand the concept of solar power generation.
    • List four types of solar electric application.
    • Describe operating principle of solar cell.
    • Describe different types of solar cell.
    • Describe the principle of solar thermal power generation.
    • Describe the photo voltaic energy conversion system.
    • Describe the application of photo voltaic energy conversion system – Residential, Community and central station.
    • Describe storage for solar thermal power generation.
  • Understand wind energy generation.
    • Discuss wind energy conversion system.
    • Discuss small scale system, intermeditate scale system and large scale system of wind energy generation.
    • Describe the different components of wind machine.
    • Describe different types of wind machines.
    • Discuss different types of wind energy conversion system.
    • Discuss wind energy prospects of Bangladesh (coastal regions).
  • Understand non conventional sources of energy.
    • Discuss the generation of electrical energy by municipal waste.
    • Describe wave energy generation.
    • Describe tidal energy generation.
    • Describe Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC).

 

 

Practical:

  • Select a particular type of power plant in an area.
    • Assess the probable load of the proposed locality for which the power station is supposed to be installed.
    • List the existing communication system of the area.
    • Assess the cost of land in the area.
    • Make a topographic survey of the area.
    • Find the location of the sources and nature of energy available for the area.
    • Select the type of power plant for the area.
    • Justify the reasons for selecting the power plant.
  • Select size, type and rating of a generator for a particular power plant.
    • Survey the electrical load of the area to be electrified by the power plant.
    • Select a power plant on the basis of economy of the power sources available.
    • Select the size of the power plant on the basis of load survey.
    • Select the voltage rating of the power plant on the basis of distribution.
    • Justify the reasons for the selection made.
  • Locate the main power plants of Bangladesh with sources of natural energy by tracing a map of Bangladesh.
    • Trace a map of Bangladesh showing important places.
    • Locate the power plants and power sources symbolically in the map.
    • Write the name of the places where the power plants and power sources are located.
    • Indicate the rivers adjacent to the power plants.
    • Show the legends demonstrating the symbols.
  • Reassemble a boiler.
    • Collect the tools required to open the boiler.
    • Read the manual carefully.
    • Open the boiler.
    • Identify the different parts.
    • Clean the tubes with steel brush.
    • Clean inside of the boiler with cotton waste.
    • Reassemble carefully the dismantled parts.
    • Sketch a neat diagram showing all parts of the boiler.

 

  • Start a diesel electric power plant.
    • Collect the tools required for starting a diesel electric power plant.
    • Check all accessories.
    • Check fuel level and cooling water.
    • Check the specific gravity of the electrolyte of the storage battery.
    • Start the engine coupled with generator.
    • Check the metering panel and gauges.
    • Run the generator at no load.
    • Increase engine speed and gradually apply electrical load.
    • Record all meters and gauge readings.
    • Record voltmeter reading at rated speed.
  • Operate a turbine.
    • Identify the different components of the turbine.
    • Follow all instructions and precautions for starting the turbine and make it ready for starting.
    • Start and operate the turbine for warming up and gradually increase the speed to rated RPM.
    • Couple the turbine with load.
    • Record the relevant data.
    • Observe all precautions and shut down the turbine.
    • Deduce the BHP of the turbine.
  • Plot the load curve and load duration curve of a power plant.
    • Process the supplied data of a particular power plant for a given period.
    • Plot a load curve according to the processed data on a graph with suitable scale.
    • Plot a load duration curve from the processed data on a graph with suitable scale.
  • Find load factor and average load from the load curve.
    • Observe the load curves and load duration curves plotted before.
    • Deduce the load factor of the plant using relevant formula and proper information from the curves.
    • Find the average load of the plant using relevant formula and proper information from the curves.
  • Sketch the layout diagram of a known power plant.
    • Visit a nearby power station.
    • Identify the different sections of the power plant.
    • Sketch the layout diagram of different sections of the plant visited.
    • Prepare a neat integrated sketch of the layout diagram of the plant visited.
  • Sketch the layout diagram of a solar power plant.
    • Visit a nearby solar plant.
    • Identify the different sections of the plant.
    • Prepare a neat integrated sketch of the layout diagram of the plant visited.
  • Design a photovoltaic system.
    • Calculate the electrical load of a nearby area.
    • Select the appropriate rating of cell, Battery, Cable etc.
    • Sketch the layout diagram.
    • Connect the components properly.
    • Draw the current-voltage curve and power-voltage curve.
  • Sketch the layout diagram of a wind power plant.
    • Visit a nearby wind plant.
    • Identify the different sections of the plant.
    • Prepare a neat integrated sketch of the layout diagram of the plant visited.

 

REFERENCE BOOKS

 

  1. Power Plant Engineering

–          G R Nagpal Thirtenth Edition 1994

  1. Power Plant Engineering

–          Fredrick T Morse

  1. A Course in Power Plant Engineering

–          S Domkunowar

  1. Principle of Power System

–          V K Mehta

  1. Renewable Engineering Sources and Conversion Technology

–          NK Bansal, Manufred klee mann Michel (Megam Hill)

  1. Hand Book of Energy Technology, Trends and Perspection

–          V Daniel Hunt

  1. Energy Technology    –          Alternative, Renewable and Conventional

Dr. B. B Parulkar, Dr. K G Naratan

Khetkar and S Rao

  1. Photovoltic Technology For Bangladesh

Editors: AKM Sadral Islam, D G Infield

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