Foundation Engineering Syllabus Diploma in Civil Engineering, Regulation 2010

Foundation Engineering Syllabus Diploma in Civil Engineering, Regulation 2010

After completion of the course the students will the able.

  • to understand the foundation and foundation engineering.
  • to understand the soil stabilization.
  • to underst and the bearing capacity of soil.
  • to understand the facto rs determining types of foundation.
  • to understand the foundation on sand and non-plastic soil, plastic soil, non-uniform soil, rock.
  • to understand the excavating and bracing.
  • to understand the sheet pile wall, cofferdam and bulk head.
  • to understand the damages due to construction operations.

 

SHORT DESCRIPTION

 

Foundation and foundation engineering; Soil stabilization; Bearing capacity of soil; Factors determining the types of foundation; Foundation on sand and non-plastic silt; Foundation on clay and plastic silt; Foundation on non-uniform soil; Foundation on rock; Excavation and bracing; Sheet pile, cofferdam & bulkhead; Damages due to construction operations.

 

DETAIL DESCRIPTION

Theory:

1          Understand the foundation and foundation engineering.

  • State the meaning of foundation and foundation engineering.
  • Mention the requirements of a satisfactory foundation.
  • Mention the classification of foundation.
  • Mention the factors governing the depth of foundation.
  • Understand the soil stabilization.
    • State the meaning of soil stabilization.
    • Mention the various methods of soil stabilization.
    • Describe the process of addition and removal of soil particles for soil stabilization.
    • Describe the soil stabilization by drainage.
    • Describe the process of sand piling.
    • Describe the process of soil cement stabilization.
  • Understand the bearing capacity of soil.
    • Define the bearing capacity of soil.
    • Explain the ultimate bearing capacity of soil.
    • Mention the Tarzaghi’s bearing capacity factors.
    • Express the equations for determination of ultimate bearing capacity of soil for square and circular footing.
    • Calculate the ultimate bearing capacity of sandy soil.
    • Explain the allowable bearing capacity of clay.
    • Explain the allowable bearing capacity of sand.
    • Describe the method of plate bearing test.
    • Calculate the allowable bearing capacity of soil.
    • Explain the methods for improving bearing capacity of soil.

 

  • Understand the pile.
    • Define pile.
    • Classify pile.
    • Differentiate precast & cast in situ pile.
    • Describe methods of cast in situ pile.
    • Describe method of preast pile.
    • Explain the bearing capacity of pile.
    • Describe the negative skin friction.
    • State the meaning of end bearing pile.

5          Understand anchors.

5.1       Define the ground anchors.

5.2       Describe the anchor in sand.

5.3       Describe the anchor in stiff clay.

5.4       State the advantage of anchoring.

  1. Understand the factors determining types of foundation.
  • Explain the steps in choosing types of foundation.
  • Discuss the necessity of bearing capacity and settlement in choosing types of foundation.
  • Describe the design loads as the factors in choosing types of foundation.
  • Understand the foundation on sand and non-plastic silt.
    • Mention the characteristics of sand and silt deposits.
    • Explain footing on sand.
    • Explain raft on sand.
    • Describe the process of excavation in sand.
    • Explain piles in sand.
    • Explain piers on sand.
  • Understand the foundation on clay and plastic silt.
    • Mention the characteristics of clay and plastic silt deposits.
    • Explain footing on clay.
    • Explain raft on clay.
    • Describe the process of excavation in clay.
    • Explain piles in clay.
    • State piers on clay.
    • Explain settlement of foundations underlying by clay.
  • Understand the foundation on non-uniform soils.
    • Define the non-uniform soils.
    • Describe the characteristics of soft or loose strata overlaying firm deposit.
    • Explain the dense or stiff layer overlaying soft deposit as foundation material.
    • Describe the characteristics of alternating soft and stiff layers.
    • Describe the characteristics of irregular deposit.
    • Describe the excavation in non-uniform soils.
    • Describe the stability of slope in non uniform soils.
  • Understand the foundation on rock.
    • State the basis for design of foundation on rock.
    • Explain foundation on un-weathered rock.
    • Explain foundation on weathered rock.
    • State the treatment of rock defects.
    • Describe the process of excavation in rock.
  • Understand the excavating and bracing.
    • State open excavation with unsupported slope.
    • Mention the necessity of sheeting and bracing.
    • Describe sheeting and bracing for shallow excavation.
    • Describe sheeting and bracing for deep excavation.
  • Understand the sheet pile, cofferdam and bulkhead.
    • State the meaning of sheet pile, coffer dam and bulk head.
    • Mention the different types of sheet pile and bulkhead with sketches.
    • State the forces action on a bulkhead.
    • Determine the embedded length of cantilever sheet pile in cohesive soil.
    • Determine the embedded length of cantilever sheet pile in non-cohesive soil.
    • Design an anchored bulkhead using free earth support method for:
  1. Granular soil.
  2. Cohesive soil below dredge line.
    • Solve problems relating cantilever sheet pile and anchored bulkhead.
  • Understand the damages due to construction operations.
    • State the settlement due to excavation.
    • State the settlement due to vibration.
    • Describe the settlement due to lowering the water table.
    • State the displacement due to pile driving.

Practical:

  • Perform the stabilization of soil by cement-sand method.
  • Perform the stabilization of soil by sand pile method.
  • Determine the ultimate bearing capacity of soil by plate bearing test.
  • Determine the bearing capacity of a test pile.
  • Draw soil pressure diagram beneath the footing.
  • Prepare a model of pile foundation.
  • Prepare a model of raft foundation.
  • Prepare a model of pier foundation.
  • Practice to improve the bearing capacity of soil.
  • Perform the Standard Penetration Test (SPT).
  1. Caculate load bearing capacity of precast pile
  2. Caculate load bearing capacity of cast inside pile.
  3. Perform field test of bearing capacity of soil as per manual.
  4. Field visit.

REFERENCE BOOKS

 

1          Foundation Engineering

–        Peck and Henson

2          Soil Mechanics & Foundation

–        B.C Punmia

  • Foundation Engineering

–        Leonard

  • Soil Mechanics

–        Craig

  • Building Construction

–        S.C Rangwala

5          LGED Manual for soil investigation