Design of Structure -1 Syllabus Diploma in Civil Engineering, Regulation 2010

Design of Structure -1 Syllabus Diploma in Civil Engineering

 

  • To be able to understand the properties of reinforced cement concrete (RCC).
  • To be able to select the suitable size of reinforced concrete beams & lintels with reinforcement.
  • To be able to supervise the placing of reinforcement for beams & lintel.

 

SHORT DESCRIPTION

 

Reinforced cement concrete; Theory of bending; Investigation of beam; Shear stress and bond stress; Design of reinforced cement concrete rectangular beam, T-beam, double reinforced beam and lintel.

DETAIL DESCRIPTION

Theory:

  • Understand the different type of cement concrete works.
    • Describe the plain concrete, reinforced concrete and prestressed concrete.
    • Describe the different uses of the plain concrete, reinforced concrete and prestressed concrete.
    • Mention the advantages, disadvantages & limitations of the plain

concrete.

  • Mention the advantages, disadvantages & limitations of the reinforced concrete.
  • Mention the advantages, disadvantages & limitations of the prestressed concrete.
  • Understand the structural safety, design code and safety provision.
    • Explain the need for structural safety.
    • Solve simple problems using the design codes.
    • Explain the necessity for safety provision.
  • Understand about the loads in designing reinforced concrete works.
    • Define the meaning of load.
    • Classify different kinds of loads.
    • Define Richter scale, tectonic plate and epicenter.
    • Explain the necessity of considering the seismic load and wind load in designing reinforced concrete works.
    • Mention the significant of the thrust (like tidal, cyclones etc.) to be consider in designing reinforced concrete structure in coastal zone.
  • Understand stress, strain and elasticity of concrete.
    • State the meaning of stress, strain, ultimate stress and allowable stress of concrete.
    • Define young modulus of elasticity of concrete.
    • Calculate young modulus of elasticity of concrete.
    • Interpret stress-strain curve of steel and concrete.
    • Mention the purpose of compression test of concrete.
    • State the different size & shape of moulds for compression test.
    • Describe test procedure of crushing cubes and cylinders for compression test.
    • Determine ultimate stress of concrete (f’c) and allowable stress of concrete (fc).
    • Determine the allowable shear stress of concrete using ultimate stress of concrete.
  • Understand the properties & behavior of reinforcing steel used in RCC.
    • List the different types & grades of steel used in RCC and prestressed concrete.
    • Mention the advantages of uses of mild steel in RCC.
    • Describe the scope of using welded wire fabric in RCC.
    • Mention the characteristics of plain bar, deformed bar and twisted bar and tendon.
    • Mention the advantages of uses of deformed and twisted bar in RCC.
    • State the minimum reinforcement used in RCC beam and slab.
  • Understand the flexure formula of homogeneous beam.
    • Define resisting moment.
    • Explain the stress diagram of a loaded beam.
    • Identify compression and tension zones of a homogenous beam.
    • Express the derivation of the flexure formula for homogeneous beam.
    • Solve the problems on homogeneous rectangular beam.
  • Understand the concept of transformed section of beam.
    • Define transformed section.
    • Explain the theory of transformed section with sketches.
    • Express the derivation of the equation for investigating the stresses developed in concrete and steel by transformed section method.
    • Calculate the stresses developed in rectangular beam and T-beam in WSD method.
    • Explain balanced reinforced beam, under reinforced beam and over reinforced beam.
    • Mention the effect of under reinforcement and over reinforcement in RCC beams.
  • Understand the flexure formula for RCC beam in working stress design (WSD) method.
    • State the assumptions used in developing the flexure formula.
    • Explain the stress diagram of a loaded RCC beam.
    • Mention the notations used in flexure formula in WSD method.
    • Express the derivation of the flexure formula for RCC beam in WSD method.
    • Solve problems of flexure formula based on WSD method.
  • Understand the shear stress developed in RCC beams.
    • Explain the effects of shear force and stress in RCC beams.
    • State the meaning of diagonal tension.
    • Explain the causes of creating diagonal tension in RCC beams.
    • Express the derivation of the formula to determine shear stress developed in RCC beams.
    • Solve the problems on shear stress developed in WSD method.
    • Solve the problems on shear stress developed in USD method.
    • Mention the allowable shear stress for RCC beam (v) and shear stress for concrete (vc).
  • Understand the functions of web reinforcement in RCC beams.
    • Define web reinforcement.
    • Classify web reinforcement with sketches.
    • Mention the functions of web reinforcement in RCC beams.
    • Determine the spacing of web reinforcement (vertical & inclined) in WSD method.
    • Determine the spacing of web reinforcement in USD method.
    • Determine the portion of the RCC beam requiring web reinforcement.
  • Understand the bond stress developed in RCC beams.
    • State the meaning of bond stress.
    • Express the derivation of the formula to determine bond stress developed in RCC beams.
    • State the allowable bond stress for plain bar and deformed bar in WSD and USD methods.
    • Determine the anchorage length of reinforcement in RCC.
    • Explain the necessity of standard hooks of reinforcement in RCC.
  • Understand the design of RCC rectangular beam in WSD method.
    • Outline the design steps of RCC rectangular beam in WSD method.
    • State the minimum spacing of reinforcing bars in RCC beam.
    • Design a simply supported RCC rectangular beam in WSD method.
    • Design a semi-continuous RCC rectangular beam in WSD method.
    • Design a continuous RCC rectangular beam in WSD method.
  • Understand flexure formula in ultimate strength design (USD) method.
    • Differentiate WSD and USD method.
    • Explain the stress diagram of loaded beam with showing the actual & equivalent rectangular stress distribution of ultimate load.
    • State the load and load factors used in USD method.
    • Mention the notations used in flexure formula in USD method.
    • Express the derivation of the flexure formula in USD method.
    • Solve problems of flexure formula based on USD method.
  • Understand the design of RCC rectangular beam in USD method.
    • Outline the design steps of RCC rectangular beam in USD method.
    • Design a simply supported RCC rectangular beam in USD method.
    • Design a semi-continuous RCC rectangular beam in USD method.
    • Design a continuous RCC rectangular beam in USD method.
  • Understand the design of RCC cantilever & overhanging rectangular beams in WSD method.
    • Determine the design load, shear force and bending moment of RCC cantilever & overhanging beams.
    • Design a cantilever RCC rectangular beam.
    • Design an overhanging RCC rectangular beam.
    • Describe the technique of curtailment of reinforcement in cantilever RCC beams.
  • Understand the T-beam and its uses.
    • Define T-beam.
    • Identify the different parts of a typical T-beam.
    • Determine the width of flange of T-beam considering span length and slab thickness.
    • State the ratio of width of web to the depth of web for T-beams.
    • Distinguish between RCC rectangular beam and T-beam.
  • Understand the design of RCC T-beams.
    • Determine the depth and width of a simply supported T-beam in respect to shear force.
    • Outline the design steps of RCC T-beam in WSD method.
    • Design a simply supported RCC T-beam in WSD method.
    • Design a semi-continuous RCC T-beam in WSD method.
    • Design a continuous RCC T-beam in WSD method.
  • Understand the design of RCC beam with compression reinforcement.
    • State the meaning of double reinforced beam.
    • Differentiate between RCC single and double reinforced beam.
    • Outline the design steps of double reinforced beam.
    • Design a simply supported double reinforced beam.
    • Design a semi-continuous double reinforced beam.
    • Design a continuous double reinforced beam.
  • Understand the design of RCC lintel over doors & windows.
    • Determine the area of the wall to be considered in determining the design load for RCC lintels.
    • Outline the design steps of RCC lintel.
    • Design a RCC lintel over doors and windows.

 

Practical:

  1. Conduct compression test of concrete for particular proportion with different water-cement ratio.
    • Mix concrete with different water-cement ratio.
    • Fill in the mould (cylinder and cube).
    • Keep cylinder and cube in the water for curing.
    • Test the specimen in the compression test machine.
    • Take the readings and tabulate in the form (test report).
    • Calculate the ultimate and allowable compressive strength of concrete.
  2. Conduct tensile strength test of mild steel for both plain bar and deformed bar of different diameters.
  3. Prepare a model of simply supported RCC rectangular beam as per drawing.
  4. Prepare a model of semi-continuous RCC rectangular beam as per drawing.
  5. Prepare a model of continuous RCC rectangular beam as per drawing.
  6. Prepare a model of double reinforced simply supported rectangular beam as per drawing.
  7. Prepare a model of RCC lintel as per drawing.
  8. Prepare a model of RCC lintel with sunshade as per drawing.

 

REFERENCE BOOKS

 

  1. Simplified Design of Reinforced Concrete

-by H Parker

  1. Design of Concrete Structures

-by G Winter, L C Urquhart, C E O’Rourke, A H Nilson

  1. Treasure of R C C Designs

-by Sushil Kumar

  1. R C C Design -by Abul Faraz Khan