Basic Electronics Syllabus Diploma in Electrical Engineering, Regulation 2010, Short Suggestion, Exam Dates, Exam Routine, Question Out, Book list with code

  • To provide understanding soldering technique and color code.
  • To provide understanding and skill on the basic concept of semiconductor and to identify physically a range of semiconductor diodes.
  • To develop comprehensive knowledge and skill on special diodes and devices.
  • To develop the abilities to construct different rectifier circuits.
  • To provide understanding of the basic concept and principle of transistor and to identify physically a range of transistor.
  • To provide understanding and skill on the basic concept of logic gates.
  • To provide the understanding skill on using Electronic measuring and testing equipment.

 

SHORT DESCRIPTION

Color code and soldering; Semiconductor; P-N junction diode; Special diodes and devices; Power supply; Transistor; Transistor amplifier; Logic gates Electronic measuring and test equipment.

DETAIL DESCRIPTION

Theory:

1          Understand the Concept of soldering and Color Code.

  • Define soldering.
  • Describe the different types of solder.
  • List the things needed in soldering.
  • Mention the properties of a good soldered joint.
  • Describe the functions and construction of (i) Single sided, (ii). Double sided & (III) Multi layered Printed circuit board.
  • Mention the function of resistor, capacitor and inductor in electronic circuits.
  • Describe the procedure of determining the value of Capacitor, & Resistor using numeric and color code.

 

  • Understand the Concept of Semiconductor.
    • Define Conductor, Semiconductor and Insulator.
    • Describe Semiconductor with atomic structure.
    • Describe the effect of temperature on conductivity of Semiconductor.
    • Explain the energy band diagram of Conductor, Semiconductor and Insulator.
    • Classify Semiconductor.
    • Describe the generation & recombination of hole and electron in Intrinsic Semiconductor.
    • Define doping, P-type & N-Type material, covalent bond, majority & minority charge carrier.
    • Explain the characteristics of Carbon, Gallium Arsenide/Phosphide.
  • Understand the Concept of P-N Junction Diode
    • Define PN junction diode
    • Describe the formation of depletion layer in PN junction.
    • Discuss potential barrier, drift & diffusion current and their physical significance.
    • Mention the behavior of PN junction under forward and reverse bias.
    • Explain the forward & reverse current voltage (IV) characteristics of PN junction diode.
    • Explain the effect of temperature Si & Ge diode characteristics
    • Define (i) static resistance (II) Dynamic resistance, (III forward breakdown voltage and (II) Reverse break down voltage.
    • Draw the equivalent circuit of PN junction diode.
    • Describe the specification of diode.

 

  • Understand the DC power supplies.
    • Define dc power supply.
    • Mention the importance of dc power supply.
    • Define rectification and rectifier.
    • Explain the operation of Half wave, Full wave and Bridge rectifier.
    • Discuss ripple factor & efficiency and TUF of Half wave, Full wave and Bridge rectifier.
    • Explain the operation of different types filter circuits with wave shape.
    • Define regulated and unregulated power supply.
    • Describe the block diagram of a typical regulated dc power supply.

 

  • Understand the Concepts of Special diode.
    • Define Zener break down.
    • Describe the operation of Zener diode.
    • Explain IV characteristics of Zener diode.
    • Describe the application of Zener diode in (i) voltage stabilization, (ii) meter protection and (II) peck clipper circuits.
    • Describe the construction operation and application of (I) Tunnel diode (II) varactor diode (III) Schottky diode (iv) Step-Recovery diode (v) PIN diode, (vi) LED     (vii) LCD (viii) photo diode (ix) Solar cell.
    • Describe the construction operation and application of (i) DIAC (ii) TRIAC and (iii) SCR.

 

  • Understand the construction and operation of Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT)
    • Define Transistor.
    • Describe the construction PNP and NPN Transistor.
    • State the biasing rules of BJT.
    • Explain the mechanism of current flow of PNP and NPN Transistor.
    • Establish the relation among Base, Emitter and Collector current (IE = IC + IB)
    • Draw the three basic transistor configuration circuits (CB, CC, CE).
    • Describe current amplification factor α , β and g.
    • Establish the relation among α , β and g.
    • Solve problem related to IE, IC, IB, α , β and g.
  • Understand the concept of BJT Amplifier
    • Define (i) Amplifier (ii) Amplification and (III) Gain
    • Mention the classification of Amplifier.
    • Describe the principle of operation of a common emitter (CE) Amplifier.
    • Draw DC & AC equivalent circuits of the CE amplifier circuit.
    • Mention the formula of (i) input resistance (ii) Output Resistance (iii) Current gain (iv) Voltage gain and (v) power gain.
    • Solve problem related to different gain resistance.

 

  • Understand the main feature of digital electronics
    • Describe the difference between analog and digital signal.
    • State the advantage of digital system.
    • Define logic gate.
    • Describe the basic operation of logic gates AND, OR, NOT NAND, NOR, XOR & XNOR.
    • Prepare truth table of logic gates AND, OR, NOT NAND, NOR, XOR & XNOR.

 

  • Understand the Electronic measuring and testing equipment
    • Define AVO meter.
    • Describe the procedure of measuring current, voltage and resistance using AVO meter.
    • List the control knobs of Oscilloscope.
    • Explain the procedure of measuring frequency and voltage using Oscilloscope.
    • Mention the function of (i) Function Generator (ii) Logic Probe (iii) Semiconductor Tester.

 

Practical :

  • Show skill in identifying the electronic components.
    • Observe the electronic components board and read the manuals.
    • Identify the different types of resistors with their values, tolerance and wattage.
    • Identify the different types of potentiometers with their values, & wattage.
    • Identify the different types of capacitors with their values, dc working voltages and types.
    • Identify the different types of diodes & rectifiers with the numbers and specifications.
    • Identify the different types of transistors and thyristors with their number and specifications.
    • Identify the different types of LED’s, IC’s and miniature relays with their number & specification.
    • Identify different types of transformer with their specification.
    • Identify different inductors with their values & current ratings.
    • Study the printed circuit boards.
    • Sketch the symbols of components used in electronic circuits.
    • Describe the basic function of each component.
    • Write a report on above activities.

 

  • Show skill in electrical measurement.
    • Perform simple voltage and current measurements on basic series and parallel resistor circuits using the following instruments.
  1. Voltmeters and ammeters
  2. AVO meters
  3. Digital multimeter
  4. Basic CRO
  • Show skill for determining the values of different resistors and capacitors with the help of color code.

 

  • Select color code resistors & capacitors of different values.
  • Identify the colors and their numerical numbers.
  • Determine the value of resistors with tolerance.
  • Determine the value of capacitors and dc working voltage.
  • Write a report on above activities.

 

  • Show skill in performing soldering.
    • Select wires (single strand and multi strand) and cut wires to required length.
    • Select soldering iron, soldering tag and soldering lead.
    • Remove wire insulation to required length.
    • Clean and tin both iron and work piece.
    • Use a tinned iron in order to transfer adequate heat to the joint.
    • Joint two singles stranded wires mechanically and solder.
    • Joint two multi-strand wires mechanically and solder.
    • Perform soldering exercise for making three dimensional wire frame.
    • Sketch and write a report on the job.

 

  • Show skill in soldering & desoldering of electronic components and wires to the other components and circuit boards.
    • Select electronic components, wires and PCB.
    • Determine the rating of the soldering iron suitable for the work piece.
    • Clean and tin both iron & work piece.
    • Feed new soldering materials to the tinned and heated joint, in order to produce a correctly soldering.
    • Check the quality of soldering.
    • Clean and tin iron and de-solder the joint and components.
    • Use solder suckers and solder braid for de-soldering.
    • Write a report on the Job.

 


  • Show skill in checking the semi-conductor diode.
    • Collect a range of semi-conductor diodes and manufactures literature.
    • Select the digital multimeter and set the selector switch to ohm range.
    • Determine the specification of semi-conductor diode.
    • Compare the determined specification with that of manufactures literature.
    • Measure forward & reverse resistances of the diode.
    • Identify p and p side of the diode.
    • Determine the condition of the diode.

 

  • Show skill in sketching forward and reverse characteristics curves of a semiconductor diode.
    • Select meter, power supply, components and materials.
    • Complete circuit according to circuit diagram for forward bias.
    • Check all connections.
    • Measure forward bias and corresponding forward current.
    • Record results in tabular form.
    • Connect circuit according to circuit diagram of reverse bias.
    • Measure reverse bias and corresponding reverse current.
    • Record results in tabular form.
    • Sketch the curves form data.

 

  • Show skill in sketching waves of half wave rectifier circuit.
    • Select meter, component, oscilloscope and materials.
    • Complete circuit of a half wave rectifier according to circuit diagram.
    • Check the circuit before operation.
    • Measure the input and output voltage and observe wave shapes in the oscilloscope.
    • Sketch the output voltage wave shape.

 

  • Show skill in sketching waves of full wave center tapped rectifier circuit.
    • Select meter, component, oscilloscope and materials.
    • Complete a full wave rectifier circuit according to circuit diagram.
    • Check the circuit supply & polarity of supply.
    • Measure the input & output voltages and observe wave shapes in the oscilloscope.
    • Sketch the output voltage wave shape.
    • Compare the result with half-wave rectifier circuit.

 

  • Show skill in constructing full wave bridge rectifier.
    • Select meter, component, oscilloscope and materials.
    • Build the circuit according to the circuit diagram.
    • Check the circuit.
    • Measure the input and output voltage.
    • Observe wave shape.
    • Compare the result with other rectifiers.
  • Show skill in identifying the bipolar junction transistor.
    • Select pnp & npn bipolar junction transistors.
    • Take DMM and manufacture’s literature of transistor.
    • Identify transistor legs.
    • Measure base-emitter, base-collector, forward and reverse resistance.
    • Determine the specifications with help of manufacturer’s literatures.
    • Identify pnp & npn transistor.

 

  • Show skill in determining input and output characteristics of a transistor in common emitter connection.
    • Select component, AVO meters, circuit board and required materials.
    • Construct the circuit.
    • Adjust the biasing voltage to appropriate point.
    • Record input and output voltage and current.
    • Plot the curve with recorded data.

 

  • Show skill in testing special diodes.
    • Select different types of special diodes.
    • Set the AVO meter in the ohm scale.
    • Measure resistances for each of two terminals.
    • Determine the condition (good and bad).
    • Determine the different terminals.

 

  • Verify the truth tables of different types of logic gates.
    • Select the specific gate.
    • Prepare the experimental circuit.
    • Adjust the power supply.
    • Verify the truth table.