# Advance Surveying Syllabus Diploma in Civil Engineering, Regulation 2010

Advance Surveying Syllabus Diploma in Civil Engineering, Regulation 2010

• To be able to understand field astronomy.
• To be able to determine latitude and longitude of a place.
• To be able to present a production map.
• To be able to learn using digital theodolite, total station, global positioning system (GPS). Geographic Information Systems(GIS)
• To be able to conduct project surveying.

• To be able to understand mine surveying.

SHORT DESCRIPTION

Field astronomy; Digital theodolite; Total station; Global positioning system (GPS); Geographic Information Systems(GIS), Project surveying; Mine surveying.

DETAIL DESCRIPTION

Theory:

1 Understand field astronomy.

1.1       State the astronomical terms: Spherical trigonometry, Small circle, Great

circle, Celestial sphere, Zenith, Nadir, Celestial horizon, Visible horizon, Polar equator, Polar axis, Celestial equator, Celestial poles.

1.2       Determine the length of a great circle arc.

1.3       Determine the length of a small circle arc.

1.4       Mention the properties of a spherical triangle.

2 Understand method of locating the position of heavenly body (sun or star).

2.1       State the altitude and azimuth system.

2.2       State the declination and hour angle system.

2.3       State the declination and right ascension.

3 Understand different types of time.

3.1       State the terms: Sederial time, Apparent solar time, Mean solar time, Local

time, Local mean time, Green witch mean time and Standard time.

3.2        Describe the equation of time.

3.3       Convert standard time to local mean time and vice versa.

3.4       Convert local time to green witch mean time and vice versa.

4 Understand Polaris, meridian and azimuth.

4.1        Define the terms: Polaris, Meridian and Azimuth.

4.2       Describe the procedure of determination of true meridian of a place by

observing polaris at culmination and elongation.

4.3       Determine the azimuth of a survey line by observation of heavenly body

(sun or star).

5 Understand latitude and longitude.

5.1       State the latitude of a place.

5.2       Describe the procedure of locating the position of latitude of a place by

observation of Polaris only.

5.3       State the longitude of a place.

5.4       Describe the procedure of locating the position of latitude of a place by

triangulation, chronometer, wireless time, signals.

5.5       Calculate the difference of latitude and longitude of two places and

measure the distance between them.

5.6        Explain the purposes and uses of solar attachment.

5.7       Describe the procedure of determining the direction of meridian and local

time.

7 Understand the baseline.

7.1           Define base line.

7.2           List the instruments required for base line measurement.

7.3           List the equipment required for base line measurement.

7.4           Explain the terms: Check base, Base net and Extension of base.

7.5           Explain the necessity of measuring base line.

7.6           List the necessary corrections in the field measurement of a base           line.

7.7           Explain the corrections in the field measurement of a base line.

7.8           List the steps of fieldwork in measuring a base line.

7.9           Explain normal tension.

7.10         Describe the procedure to measure a base line.

7.11         Solve problems on base line measurement.

8 Understand the digital theodolite.

8.1        Define digital theodolite.

8.2        Compare digital theodolite with others.

8.3        Describe the components of digital theodolite and its function.

8.4        Explain the term: Display panel and angle measuring mode.

8.5          Describe the procedure of setting digital theodolite.

8.6        Describe the procedure of taking horizontal angle with digital theodolite.

8.7        Describe the procedure of taking vertical angle with digital theodolite.

8.8        Explain the procedure of measuring magnetic bearing of a line.

9 Understand the principle of operation and uses of total station.

9.1.       Explain the function of the total station.

9.2.       State focusing and target point of total station.

9.3.       Describe the procedural steps of setting total station.

9.4.       Mention the precaution for using total station.

9.5.       Mention the procedure centering and leveling.

1. Understand the operation panel.

10.1.     Describe the basic key operation.

10.2.     Describe soft key operation.

10.3.     Define inputting letters and figures.

10.4.     Mention the function of allocation key.

10.5.     State the allocation key function.

10.6.     Explain configuration mode, measurement mode and memory mode.

10.7.     Describe the process of selecting different options.

11 Understand the principle of adjustment of total station & the principle of

measuring horizontal angel.

11.1.     List the principle types of adjustment.

11.2.     State the cheek and adjustment of total station.

11.3.     Mention the techniques of cheek and adjustment of total station.

11.4.     Define horizontal angel.

11.5.     Define horizontal and vertical circle indexing.

11.6.     State the meaning of horizontal angel hold.

11.7.     Explain horizontal angel repetition.

11.8.     Explain the procedure of horizontal angel between two points with total

station.

12 Understand distance and co-ordinates measurement with total station.

12.1.     Describe the procedure of EDM setting in the total station.

12.2.     Describe the procedure of measuring horizontal distance and slop

distance with total station.

12.3.     Describe the procedure of measuring vertical distance with total station.

13.4.     Explain 3-D co-ordinates.

13.5.     State the procedure of entering instrument station data.

13.6.     Mention the procedure of azimuth angel setting.

13.7.     Describe the procedure of 3-D co-ordinates measurement.

13 Understand resection measurement and setting out measurement.

13.1.     Explain co-ordinates resection measurement.

13.2.     Describe height resection measurement.

13.3.     Explain distance setting out measurement.

13.4.     Explain co-ordinates setting out measurement.

13.5.     Describe remote elevation measurement (REM) and setting out

measurement.

1. Understand the setting outline and point projection.

14.1.     Define base line.

14.2.     Explain setting out line point.

14.3.     Explain setting out line.

14.4.     Explain point projection.

1. Understand the offset measurement and missing line measurement.

15.1.     State single distance offset measurement

15.2.     Define angle offset measurement.

15.3.     Explain two distances offset measurement.

15.4.     Explain the measurement of the distance between two or more point.

15.5.     Describe the procedure of changing the starting point.

1. Understand the data recording.

16.1.     Define reading instrument station data.

16.2.     Define angle measurement data.

16.3.     State recording distance measurement data.

16.4.     Explain recording co-ordinate data.

16.5.     Describe recording distance and co-ordinate data.

16.6.     Describe the process of reviewing the job data.

1. Understand the data memory mode.

17.1.     Explain selecting/deleting an data.

17.2.     State registering/deleting known point data.

17.3.     Explain reviewing known point data.

17.4.     State registering/deleting codes.

17.5.     Describe reviewing of codes.

17.6.     Describe outputting job data.

1. Understand the change of setting.

18.1.     Define changing instrument option.

18.2.     Explain allocating key function.

18.3.     State restoring default settings.

19 Understand the principles of operation and uses of GPS receiver.

19.1      Explain the meaning of global positioning system (GPS).

19.2      Describe the working principles of GPS receiver.

19.3      Mention different features of GPS receiver.

19.4      Describe operational process of the instruments related to GPS.

19.5      Describe the specifications of available brand of GPS receiver.

19.6      Describe the procedure of finding co-ordinates (latitude & longitude) of a station using GPS receiver.

19.7      List the required accessories related to GPS.

19.8      List the works performed by GPS receiver.

19.9      Explain software used in GPS receiver.

19.10    Mention different types of software used in GPS receiver.

19.11    Mention the applications of different soft wares.

19.12    Describe the preparation of a map using mapping software and data received with GPS receiver.

1. Understand the principle of Geographic Information Systems(GIS)

20.1.     Definition of GIS.

20.2.     Development history of GIS.

20.3.     Benefits of GIS.

20.4.     Major application of GIS.

20.5.     GIS and other sciences.

20.6.     Basic functions of GIS.

20.7.     GIS and organization.

20.8.     GIS data model.

20.9.     Topology in GIS.

20.10.   Source of geographic data.

20.11.   Methods of data capture.

20.12.   Meta data.

1. Spatial Database and Computer System for GIS

21.1.     Required function for Spatial Database.

21.2.     Distribution of Spatial Database.

21.3.     Database management system.

21.4.     Required hardware and software.

21.5.     Types of GIS software.

21.6.     GIS installation.

21.7      Output of GIS product.

22 Understand the concept of project surveying.

22.1      Define project surveying.

22.2      Explain the necessity of project surveying.

22.3      List the instrument required for a project survey.

22.4      Name different engineering projects.

22.5      Mention the steps of project surveying.

22.6      Describe the different types of project such as: Irrigation, Hydrographic, Sewer line and tunnel survey

23 Understand the concept of mine surveying.

23.1      Define mine surveying.

23.2      Explain the purpose of mine surveying.

23.3      Mention the difficulties in mine surveying.

23.4      Explain the following terms:

1. Station and station markers
2. Illumination
3. Surface survey
4. Bearing of a drift

23.5      List the equipment and instruments required for mine surveying.

23.6      Explain the use of mining transit.

23.7      Explain the following terms:

1. Auxiliary telescope
2. Tunnel survey
3. Surface survey
4. Sight pole
5. Suspension mining compass

23.8      Describe the components of Brunton pocket transit and their function.

24 Understand the method of mine surveying.

24.1      Explain the procedure of measuring horizontal and vertical angle with compass.

24.2      Describe the procedure of transferring the surface line into underground.

24.3      Describe the procedure of measuring difference in elevation down a vertical shaft.

24.4      Compute bearing of a drift.

24.5      Describe the procedure of setting the center line down from the vertical shaft.

Practical:

1. Determine the height and distance of a tower using digital theodolite.
2. Conduct traversing with a digital theodolite and plot maps including computation of area.
3. Perform temporary and permanent adjustment of total station.
4. Determine height and distance of tower using total station.
5. Determine the width of Road/ River/Pond with total station.
6. Determine the co-ordinates and output the data.
7. Enter 3-D co-ordinates and output the data.
8. Conduct traversing with a total station and plot maps including computation of

areas.

1. Measure the latitude and longitude of your position using GPS.
2. Observe your speed, distance and time to reach your destination and find the

latitude and longitude of the place.

1. Determine the co-ordinates of a station (within the institute) using GPS

1. Installing GIS software , Data input and managing.
2. Geo-referencing.
3. Digitization, Editing and symbolization.
4. Prepare Database.
5. Cartographic Database.

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Surveying & Leveling (Part-II) – T. P. Kanetker