Transportation Engg-1 Syllabus Diploma in Civil Engineering, Regulation 2010
- To be able to understand the standard types of construction used in
Bangladesh for road & pavement, bridge & culvert to assess the advantages
and disadvantages of each type.
- To be able to understand the procedure, methods & techniques used in
construction of road & pavement, drainage system, bridges & culverts,
embankment & cuttings.
- To be able to understand the importance of traffic control system.
- To be able to understand the maintenance, servicing & repair procedure,
methods & techniques used to keep the highway operational.
- To be able to acquaint with the different aspects of airport construction.
Modes of transportation and history of road development; Highway planning; Road
alignment and survey; Highway geometrics; Subgrade soil; Highway materials,
Construction of road formation & classification of road; Low cost road; Water bound
macadam road; Bituminous road; Cement concrete road; Hill road; Highway drainage;
Traffic control; Road arboriculture; Highway machinery; Highway failures &
maintenance; Highway bridges & culverts; Planning of airport; Geometric standard in
airport, airport building & warehouses.
1 Understand the modes of transportation and history of road development.
1.1 Classify transportation.
1.2 Explain the importance of transportation.
1.3 Mention the benifits of good road system.
1.4 Describe in brief the history of road development.
1.5 Mention the characteristics of important early roads.
1.6 Describe the macadam and telford road construction.
2 Understand the concept of highway planning.
2.1 Explain the importance of highway planning.
2.2 Mention the objectives of highway planning.
2.3 Classify the road according to location & functions:
2.4 Mention the objectives of road planning & survey.
3 Understand the concept of alignment of road and survey.
3.1 Define alignment of road.
3.2 Mention the fundamental principles of alignment of road.
3.3 Mention the factors that controls the selection of alignment of road.
3.4 Describe the reconnaisance survey for a road construction.
3.5 Describe the preliminary survey, final location survey and soil survey for
a road construction.
3.6 Mention the points to be considered in fixing location of a new urban road.
4 Understand the principles of highway geometric.
4.1 Classify the highway geometric into broad catagories such as:
- a) Cross-sectional elements (camber, super elevation)
- b) Visibility
- c) Horizontal / Vertical curves
- d) Road intersections
4.2 State the meaning of friction.
4.3 Mention the factors that affect friction of coefficient.
4.4 Define the terms skid and slip.
4.5 Describe the factors that affect the highway geometrics.
5 Understand the concept of highway cross-section.
5.1 State the meaning of right of way.
5.2 Mention the factors on which the width of pavements depend.
5.3 State the terms in relation to road construction: formation width, side
slope, berm, embankment, cutting, shoulder, carriage way width,
footpath, cycle track, parking lanes, median strip, kerb.
5.4 State the meaning of camber.
5.5 Explain the necessity of camber.
5.6 Describe the procedure of providing camber in road.
6 Understand the concept of sight distance.
6.1 State the reaction time and reaction distance.
6.2 State the braking time and braking distance.
6.3 Classify the various types of sight distances.
6.4 Describe each type of sight distances.
6.5 Solve problems on stopping sight distance and passing sight distance.
7 Understand the concept of curve ,super elevation and gradient.
7.1 State the meaning of curve.
7.2 Classify the various type of curves used in highway.
7.3 Mention the reasons for extra widening of road on curve.
7.4 State the meaning of super elevation.
7.5 Describe the method of providing super elevation on site.
7.6 Solve the problems on super elevation.
7.7 State the meaning of gradient.
7.8 Classify the various types of gradient.
7.9 Mention the factors on which the gradient of a road depend.
7.10 Describe the methods of fixing grade line on site.
8 Understand the concept of highway intersections.
8.1 Define intersection of roads.
8.2 Mention the purposes of intersection of roads.
8.3 Classify the level intersection of roads.
8.4 Mention the advantages and disadvantages of each type of intersections and
8.5 Define underpass and Overpass .
9 Understand the characteristics of sub-grade soil of highway.
9.1 Define the term sub-grade in highway.
9.2 Describe the characteristics of different sub-grade soil.
9.3 Mention the suitable sub-grade for various types of highway construction.
9.4 Describe the procedure of improving sub-grade soil for road construction.
9.5 Describe construction of road in water logged area.
10 Understand the characteristics of different materials suitable for highway
10.1 Mention the advantages and limitations of aggregates for highway construction.
10.2 List the tests required for aggregates used for highway construction.
10.3 Describe different types of bituminous materials for road construction.
10.4 State the properties of bituminous materials.
10.5 List the standard tests on bituminous materials.
11 Understand the concept of road formation and classification of roads.
11.1 Describe the procedure of earth work in cutting , filling and compaction of soil..
11.2 Describe the turfing used in road embankment.
11.3 List the field tests needed to find out the good quality of compaction of
soil for road construction.
11.4 Classify the road on the basis of materials, volume of traffic, type of traffic,
number of lanes, direction of movement of traffic, area they traverse,
cost of roads and rigidity of roads.
11.5 Mention the factors influencing the selection of types of base and surfacing of road.
12 Understand the construction of low cost road.
12.1 Classify the various types of low cost roads.
12.2 Describe the construction procedure of earthen road.
12.3 Describe the construction procedure of gravel road.
12.4 Describe the construction procedure of soil stabilized road.
13 Understand the construction of Water Bound Macadam (WBM) road.
13.1 Define water bound macadam road.
13.2 Describe the preparation of sub-grade for construction of WBM road.
13.3 Describe the spreading of coarse aggregate for construction of WBM road.
13.4 Describe the spreading of fillers in the construction of WBM road.
13.5 Describe the method of rolling the road in the construction of WBM road.
13.6 Describe the finishing of the surface and shoulders in the construction of
13.7 Mention the advantages and disadvantages of WBM road.
14 Understand the construction of Bituminous road.
14.1 Define bituminous road.
14.2 Classify the different types of bituminous road.
14.3 List the materials used in the bituminous pavement.
14.4 Describe the specification of the materials used for bituminous pavement.
14.5 Describe the construction procedure of bituminous road.
14.6 Define the seal coat, tack coat and prime coat.
14.7 State the terms bituminous carpet, bituminous concrete, sheet asphalt
and mastic asphalt.
14.8 Mention the advantages and disadvantages of bituminous road.
15 Understand the construction of Cement Concrete road.
15.1 Describe the construction procedure of cement concrete (CC), submergible Road
in hoar areas and reinforced cement concrete (RCC) road.
15.2 List and explain the joints for CC and RCC road with their specification and
15.3 Describe joint fillers & sealers in CC road and RCC road.
15.4 Mention the functions of reinforcement & dowel bars in CC and RCC road.
15.5 Mention the advantages & disadvantages of CC and RCC road.
15.6 Distinguish between flexible and rigid pavement.
16 Understand the concept of hill road.
16.1 Mention the special points to be considered for alignment of hill road.
16.2 Define the terms: village path or track, bridle path, motor road, hill road,
salient curves, re-entrant curve, hair pin bend, corner bend, trace cut.
16.3 State the meaning of retaining wall and breast wall.
16.4 Mention the causes of land slide.
16.5 Mention the preventive measures of land slide.
17 Understand the concept of highway drainage.
17.1 Mention the requirements of highway drainage.
17.2 Mention the factors which control the design of highway drainage system.
17.3 Mention the effects of improper drainage.
17.4 Describe the highway drainage system.
17.5 Classify the highway drainage.
17.6 Define cross-drainage work.
17.7 Classify cross-drainage works.
18 Understand the concept of traffic signs.
18.1 Classify the different types of traffic signs.
18.2 Explain the importance of traffic signs.
18.3 Mention the utility of traffic studies.
18.4 Mention the utility of traffic regulations.
18.5 Mention the utility of traffic signs.
19 Understand the concept of road arboriculture.
19.1 State the meaning of arboriculture.
19.2 Explain the purpose of plantation on road sides.
19.3 Describe the process of tree planting, patern of tree planting and protection of
trees on road sides.
19.4 Mention the advantages and disadvantages of trees on road sides.
20 Understand the machineries used for construction of roads & highways.
20.1 List the machineries used for cleaning the site, earth cutting, earth removing,
consolidating and grading in highway construction.
20.2 List the machineries used for crushing road metals.
20.3 List the machineries used for construction of bituminous road.
20.4 List the machineries used for construction of CC & RCC road.
21 Understand the causes of failures of roads & highways.
21.1 Describe the sub-grade, base and wearing course failures.
21.2 Mention the typical failures of flexible pavement.
21.3 Mention the causes of failures of CC & RCC road.
21.4 Mention the typical failures of CC & RCC road.
22 Understand the maintenance of highway.
22.1 Explain the significance of routine maintenance of highways.
22.2 Classify the maintenance work of road.
22.3 Describe the maintenance of
(a) Earthen road.
(b) Water bound macadam road.
(c) Bituminous road.
(d) CC & RCC road.
22.4 Mention the causes for corrugations and wavy surfaces.
22.5 Mention the remedies for corrugations and wavy surfaces.
23 Understand the highway bridges & culverts.
23.1 Distinguish between bridge and culvert.
23.2 Mention the ideal site for construction a bridge or culvert in roads & highways.
23.3 Classify the different types of bridges and culverts.
23.4 Mention the factors which effects the choice & type of bridge or culvert.
23.5 Define the terms: flood discharge, waterway, scouring depth, free board
in the construction of bridges & culverts.
23.6 Explain the necessity of repair and maintenance of bridges & culverts.
24 Understand the concept of planning of airport.
24.1 Mention the information required for planning of an airport.
24.2 Mention the points to be considered in selecting the site for an airport.
24.3 Describe the terms: landing strip, approach zone, running lengths & hanger.
24.4 Classify different types of airport.
25 Understand the standard of geometrics used in airport.
25.1 Explain the terms: runway, taxiway, aprons, runway orientation, pattern & grade.
25.2 Distinguish between runway and taxiway.
25.3 State the meaning of heliport.
25.4 Mention the functions of terminal building.
25.5 Distinguish between heliport and airport.
26 Understand the concept of airport building & warehouse.
26.1 Mention the functions of airport building.
26.2 Mention the facilities to be provided in airport building.
26.3 State the meaning of warehouse.
26.4 State the importance of warehouse.
- Setting an alignment of a new road.
- Prepare the model of a typical clover leaf pattern of grade separation.
- Perform crushing strength test of coarse aggregate used in road construction.
- Perform abrasion test of coarse aggregate used in road construction.
- Perform water absorption, specific gravity and density test of coarse aggregate
used in road construction.
- Perform the California Bearing Ratio (CBR) test.
- Perform the aggregate impact value test.
- Perform the test of grading of coarse aggregate.
- Perform the following test for bitumen.
- Loss of ignition
- Softening point
- Fire point.
- Flash point
- Marshal test
- Prepare the models of different types of traffic signs.
11 . Average Daily traffic (ADT) survey in a busy road intersection.
12.Visit of a Fly Over/Overpass/Underpass/intersection/grade separation.
- 13. Visit of an International Airport.
- Highway Engineering -by Gur Charan Singh
- A text book on Highway Engineering and Airports
-by S B Sehgal & K L Bhanot
- Highway Engineering -by S C Rangwala
4. Highway and Airport Engineering -by V B Priyani