# Civil Engineering drawing (CAD)-1 Syllabus Diploma in Civil Engineering, Regulation 2010

Civil Engineering drawing (CAD)-1 Syllabus Diploma in Civil Engineering, Regulation 2010

To prepare the isometric drawing

• To prepare simple building drawing
• To assist to understand the code and symbols used in civil engineering

drawing .

• To enable in learning detail drawing of building components.
• To enable to understand and perform computer aided design (AutoCAD).

SHORT DESCRIPTION

Isometric view, drawing of single storied building, Code and symbols used in drawing; Detail drawing of floor, spread foundation, wall, pile, road, doors & windows, truss, Computer Aided Design(CAD) and plotting.

DETAIL DESCRIPTION

Theory :

ISOMETRIC VIEWS

1              Understand the basic principles of isometric view.

1.1          Define isometric view.

1.2          Identify isometric scale.

1.3          State the advantages of drawing isometric view.

1.4          Differentiate orthographic views and isometric view.

DRAWING OF SINGLE STORID BUILDING WITH VERANDA

2              Understand the components of a single storied building.

2.1          Identify the name of different parts of building.

2.2          Define line plan of a building.

2.3          Describe the plan over plinth of simple building.

2.4          Explain the necessity of drawing, plan, elevation and section of building.

CODE AND SYMBOLS

3              Understand the use and necessity of code and symbols in drawing.

3.1          State the use of code and symbols in drawing.

3.2          Explain the necessity of covering for steel reinforcement according to code.

3.3          Describe the significance of minimum thickness of structural member

according to code.

3.4          Explain the necessity of hooks, bend and lapping as per code.

3.5          Define construction joint and expansion joint as per code.

DETAIL DRAWING

4              Understand the significance of detail drawing.

4.1          Define the meaning of detail drawing.

4.2          Mention the necessity of detail drawing.

4.3          List different types of spread foundation.

4.4          List different types of RCC footing.

4.5         List different types of floors.

5              Understand the features of pile.

5.1          Define the terms pile.

5.2          Mention the functions of pile cap.

5.3          List different types of piles used.

5.4          Explain the necessity of piles grouping.

6              Understand the features of road

6.1          List different types of road

6.2          List different types of joints in rigid pavement

6.3          State the meaning of right of way.

6.4          Identify different components of a rigid pavement.

6.5          Identify different components of a flexible road.

7              Understand the features of doors and windows.

7.1          List different types of doors

7.2          Label different parts of doors.

7.3          List different types of windows.

7.4          Label different parts of windows.

8              Understand the features of trusses.

8.1          Define the term truss.

8.2          Label different parts of a wooden truss.

8.3          Label different parts of a steel truss.

8.4          Distinguish between king post and queen post truss.

COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN (CAD)

9              Understand the functions and uses of different CAD commands.

9.2          State how to start and exit AutoCAD.

9.3          Name different tools used in AutoCAD.

9.4          Explain the necessity of editing drawing.

9.5          State the necessity of drawing units and limits.

9.6          Mention the functions of the following editing commands:

copy, move, array, offset, trim, fillet, chamfer, extend, break,

rotate, stretch, mirror, change, scale and pedit.

9.7          State how to draw of the following draw commands:

line, triangles, rectangle, polygons, circles, arcs, etc.

9.8          Mention the functions of the following commands:

zoom, pan, undo, redo, save, etc.

9.9          Mention the functions of the following dimension commands:

dimension style, linear dimension, aligned dimension, etc.

• State the insertion of text in drawing using AutoCAD.

9.11        Mention the functions of hatch in drawing using AutoCAD.

9.12        Mention the advantages of layers in drawing using

9.13        Mention the functions of the following plotting commands:

layout, view port, model space, paper space.

Practical :

ISOMETRIC DRAWING

1              Prepare isometric drawing.

1.1          Draw the isometric view of rectangular and circular lamina.

1.2          Draw the isometric projection of solids such as cube, cylinder and steps from

different orthographic views.

1.3          Translate the isometric views of different engineering components from

orthographic views.

1.4          Translate the orthographic views of different engineering components

from isometric views.

DRAWING OF SINGLE STORID BUILDING WITH VERANDAH

2              Prepare drawing of a single storied building.

2.1          Draw the line plan of a single storied simple building with verandah.

2.2          Draw plan over plinth of simple building with verandah from the line plan

as started in 2.1.

2.3          Draw front and side elevation of the simple building started in 2.2

2.4          Draw the cross section of simple building as started in 2.2

2.5          Assemble plan over plinth, sections and elevations of simple building with proper dimensions, heading and title block in proper places on one sheet according to given data.

2.6          Draw the isometric view of a given single roomed building showing front and one side elevation.

CODE AND SYMBOLS

3              Apply different types of code in civil engineering drawing.

3.1          Use the different types of design code.

3.2          Use clear cover for protection of reinforcing steel according to code.

3.3          Use anchorage of reinforcing steel according to code.

3.4          Use minimum thickness of structural members according to code.

3.5          Use minimum width of beam according to code.

3.6          Use minimum requirement of reinforcement according to code.

4              Apply different symbols in civil engineering drawing.

4.1          Draw the standard hooks and bends according to code.

4.2          Draw the compression joints in reinforcing steel.

4.3          Draw the tensile joints in reinforcing steel.

4.4          Prepare a bar-schedule with specification of reinforcing steel.

4.5          Draw the construction, expansion & contraction joints.

DETAIL DRAWING

5              Construct the drawing of floor.

5.1          Draw timber floor.

5.2          Draw typical cement concrete (CC) floor over single brick flat soling.

5.3          Draw the typical reinforced cement concrete (RCC) floor.

6              Prepare detail drawing of brick spread foundation and RCC footing.

6.2          Draw the brick spread foundation for soft soil.

6.3          Draw the brick spread foundation on slopped ground.

6.4          Draw the brick wall with RCC footing.

6.5          Draw the RCC inverted T-beam footing.

6.6          Draw the RCC cantilever footing.

7              Prepare the detail drawing of pile and pile cap.

7.1          Draw the detail drawing of RCC cast-in-situ piles.

7.2          Draw sections of a square pre-cast RCC pile.

7.3          Draw the cross-section of a pile cap over a group of piles.

7.4          Draw the shoe of a pile.

8              Prepare the detail drawing of road.

8.1          Draw the right of way of a national highway in the embankment.

8.2          Draw the cross-section of bituminous road on embankment showing

foundation details.

8.3          Draw the cross-section of rigid pavement on embankment showing

foundation details.

9              Prepare detail drawing of doors and windows (wooden/steel/aluminum).

9.1          Draw the elevation of a paneled door.

9.2          Draw horizontal section of paneled door cutting plane passing through panels.

9.3          Draw vertical section of paneled door cutting plane passing through panels.

9.4          Draw the horizontal cross-section and elevation of metal window.

9.5          Draw the horizontal and vertical section of a fully glazed window.

10           Prepare detail (working) drawing of wooden truss.

10.1        Draw elevation of king post/queen post roof truss on 25cm thick brick wall.

10.2        Make detail (working) drawing of heel joint of wooden truss.

10.3        Make detail (working) drawing of ridge of wooden truss.

10.4        Make detail (working) drawing of joint (intermediate point) of beam in wooden truss.

11           Prepare working drawing of steel truss.

11.1        Draw elevation of steel truss (pratt truss/warren truss) rests on 25cm x25cm RCC

column.

11.2        Make detail drawing of heel joint of steel truss rests on RCC column.

11.3        Make detail drawing of ridge joint of steel truss.

11.4        Make detail drawing of joint on the rafter of steel truss.

11.5        Make detail drawing of joint on the tie beam of steel truss.

COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN (CAD)

12           Prepare geometrical drawing using AutoCAD.

12.1        Make a Auto CAD new file

12.2        Set up the units, display formats and precision of measurements.

12.3        Set up the drawing limits.

12.4        Make a grid of dots similar to graph paper.

13           Draw and save drawing using AutoCAD.

13.1        Draw a line using Auto CAD.

13.2        Draw triangles using Auto CAD.

13.3        Draw different types of rectangles using Auto CAD.

13.4        Draw different types of polygons using Auto CAD.

13.5        Draw circles, arcs, etc using Auto CAD.

13.6        Save the existing drawing using AutoCAD.

14           Edit the existing drawing using AutoCAD.

14.1        Erase a line using commands.

14.2        Un erase an erased line using undo and redo commands.

14.3        Magnify a portion of the drawing to look closely.

14.4        Regenerate the whole drawing.

14.5        Trim and extend a portion of a line, area, curve or any object.

14.6        Move and copy a drawing from one place to another.

14.7        Use commands to filled lines, areas and circles.

14.8        Use commands to chamfer lines.

14.9        Perform the uses of the following commands:

array, offset, break, rotate, stretch, mirror, change, scale, pedit and explode.

15           Dimension a drawing using AutoCAD.

15.1        Select a drawing file for dimensioning.

15.2        Use commands to add linear dimensions in the drawing.

15.3        Use commands to add angular dimensions in the drawing.

15.4        Use commands to modify dimension style in the drawing.

16           Layers and hatches the drawing using AutoCAD.

16.1        Create different layers for line, dimension, text, hatches, etc.

16.2        Select different color for different layer.

16.3        Select the type and scale of the hatch for a drawing.

16.4       Select the type and size of the text for a drawing.

16.5        Insert text in the drawing.

16.6        Perform the uses of the following plotting commands:

layout, view port, model space, paper space.

17           Use text and plotting using AutoCAD.

17.1        Select the type and size of the text for a drawing.

17.2        Insert text in the drawing.

17.3        Perform the uses of the following plotting commands:

layout, view port, model space, paper space.

17.3        Plot the drawing.

17.4        Plot each layer of the drawing separately.

18           Prepare the drawing of plan, elevation and section of a single storied building.

18.1        Compose the data of plan for a single storied building using AutoCAD.

18.2        Draw a plan of a single storied building using AutoCAD.

18.3        Compose the data of elevation for a single storied building using AutoCAD.

18.4        Draw the elevation of a single storied building using AutoCAD.

18.5        Compose the data of section of a single storied building using AutoCAD.

18.6        Draw the section of a single storied building using AutoCAD.

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Structural Detailing – Peter H Newton
2. Civil Engg. Drawing – Guru Charan Singh
3. AutoCAD – Engr. Md. Shah Alam
4. Mastering AutoCAD 2008 – Engr. Samuel Mallik
5. Mastering AutoCAD – George Omura